Tamil is written in an Abugida script that is used by Tamil speakers in Tamil Nadu, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia and in many other parts of the world. The Tamil alphabet has 12 independent vowels, 8 dependent vowels, 18 consonants and few special characters.
Let's start with vowels.
- Tamil is a Dravidian language and has its influence in Sanskrit.
- Tamil is written from left toward the right which is the same as English.
- Tamil has its own numerals system which is used to write numbers.
- Each letter in the Tamil alphabet has its own independent and distinct sound. This means Tamil words are pronounced exactly as they are written.
- Tamil is one of the oldest living languages of the world and has a huge volume of literature and grammar.
- UNESCO had declared Tamil as a classical language because of its antiquity, rich and varied ancient text.
- Tamil is the only language that is also worshipped as a god in Tamil Nadu state of India.
- Tamil language is also the official language of three countries. Sri Lanka, Singapore, and the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Puducherry.
- Tamil language is spoken by more than 77 million speakers across the world and it is 5th most spoken language in India.
- Tamil is the first Indian language to be printed and published.
- Tamil gave many root words as well as grammar to almost 400 languages including Sanskrit, Greek, Latin and Korean. Also in Egypt more than 4000 town names are in Tamil.
- Apart from being the name of the language, Tamil has several meanings. For e.g. `Tamil` also means things like beauty, sweet and natural.
|Number of Speakers:
||India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Mauritius, Fiji, and South Africa.
||Official language in the Indian State of Tamil nadu, Puducherry. It is also an official language in Sri Lanka.
|Two digit language code (ISO 639-1):