Tamil is written in an Abugida script that is used by Tamil speakers in Tamil Nadu, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia and in many other parts of the world. The Tamil alphabet has 12 independent vowels, 8 dependent vowels, 18 consonants and few special characters.
Let's start with vowels.
In Tamil vowels also called உயிர் எழுத்துக்கள் (u-yi-r e-zhu-th-thu-k-kaL) which means the `life` (uyir) or `soul` letters. There are two types of vowels in Tamil Script. The first one is an independent vowel, which is used at the beginning of a syllable. The second one is dependent vowel, which is used when the vowel follows a consonant.
In Tamil, they are known as `மெய்யெழுத்து (meyyeḻuttu)` which means `body letters`. There are 18 consonants in Tamil Script and if added with vowels, it makes 216 (18 by 12) of them.
Tamil numerals are the symbols used to write numbers in the Tamil script. They are also used to write decimal numbers, instead of the latin numbers.
Tamil (தமிழ், tæmɪl), is an official language of the state of Tamil Nadu in India. Tamil is also spoken in Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Island. There are 69 million (6.9 Crore) total speakers of Tamil in India and another 77 million (7.7 Crore) as second language speakers across the world. Below is the quick summary:
|Native Name:||Tamil (தமிழ்)|
|Number of Speakers:||77 million|
|Language family:||Brahmi Script|
|Spoken in:||India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Mauritius, Fiji, and South Africa.|
|Status:||Official language in the Indian State of Tamil nadu, Puducherry. It is also an official language in Sri Lanka.|
|Two digit language code (ISO 639-1):||ta|
Below is a list of complete Tamil Varnamala Chart