In English language there are vowels and consonants. Likewise, in Bengali also there are vowels and consonants. The difference is that in Bengali all the vowels appear in the beginning and the consonants form another group. The standard Bengali alphabet has 13 vowels and 28 consonants, including 6 nasalied vowels.

Let's start with vowels.

Bengali Vowels

In Bengali they are also know as `Swar (स्वरों)`. There are two types of vowels. The first one is an independent vowel, which is used at the beginning of a syllable. The second one is dependent vowel, which is used when the vowel follows a consonant.

Independent Vowels:

[a]
[aa]
[i]
[ii]
[u]
[uu]
[r]
[l]
[e]
[ai]
[o]
[au]

Dependent Vowels:

[aa]
ি
[i]
[i]
◌ু
[u]
◌ূ
[uu]
◌ৃ
[r]
◌ৄ
[rr]
[e]
[ai]

Bengali Consonants

In Bengali, they are called `vyanjan (व्यंजन)`. They are normally considered to have a basic form which consists of a consonant pronounced with an inherent ‘a’ sound. The table below shows 33 consonant letters and their pronunciation.

[ka]
[kha]
[ga]
[gha]
[nga]
[ca]
[cha]
[ja]
[jha]
[nya]
[tta]
[ttha]
[dda]
[ddha]
[nna]
[ta]
[tha]
[da]
[dha]
[na]
[pa]
[pha]
[ba]
[bha]
[ma]
[ya]
[ra]
[la]
[sha]
[ssa]
[sa]
[ha]

Bengali Numerals

Bengali numerals are the symbols used to write numbers in the Bengali script. They are used to write decimal numbers, instead of the latin numbers.

[zero]
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
[6]
[7]
[8]
[9]
.

Bengali at a glance

Bengali (বাংলা, baŋla), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken mainly in Bengal region of Indian subcontinent. It is spoken by over 228 million native speakers and another 27 million as second language. Bangla is the official language in Bangladesh and Bengal region of India. It is written in the Bengali-Assamese script. Below is the quick summary:

Pronunciation: [`baŋla]
Native Name: Bangla (বাংলা)
Number of Speakers: 228 million
Language family: Indo-European
Writing System: Bengali-Assamese
Spoken in: Bangladesh, India (West Bengal, Assam, Tripura, Jharkhand)
Status: Official language of Bangladesh
Two digit language code: bn

A Complete Bengali Alphabet Chart

Below is a list of complete Bengali Bornomala Chart

Independent Vowels:

[a]
[aa]
[i]
[ii]
[u]
[uu]
[r]
[l]
[e]
[ai]
[o]
[au]

Dependent Vowels:

[aa]
ি
[i]
[i]
◌ু
[u]
◌ূ
[uu]
◌ৃ
[r]
◌ৄ
[rr]
[e]
[ai]

Two Part Dependent Vowel Signs:

[o]
[au]

Consonants:

[ka]
[kha]
[ga]
[gha]
[nga]
[ca]
[cha]
[ja]
[jha]
[nya]
[tta]
[ttha]
[dda]
[ddha]
[nna]
[ta]
[tha]
[da]
[dha]
[na]
[pa]
[pha]
[ba]
[bha]
[ma]
[ya]
[ra]
[la]
[sha]
[ssa]
[sa]
[ha]

Additional Bengali Consonants:

[ta]
[rra]
[rha]
[yya]

Bengali Digits:

[zero]
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
[6]
[7]
[8]
[9]
.

Additional letter used for Assamese:

[ra]
[wa]

Additional vowels for Sanskrit:

[rr]
[ll]
◌ৢ
[l]
◌ৣ
[ll]

Currency Symbols


Special Characters and Signs:

.
◌্
◌ঁ
◌়

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