Sanskrit, one of the world's oldest languages, originated over 3,500 years ago as the language of the Vedas. Evolving into Classical Sanskrit, it became the medium for a wealth of philosophical, religious, and literary works.
Over time, its influence extended beyond the Indian subcontinent, spreading knowledge, culture, and religion throughout Asia. Today, it's still spoken by over 2.3 million people in South Asia.
Throughout its history, various scripts like Brahmi, Gupta, and Siddham were used to write Sanskrit. Currently, Devanagari serves as its writing system and it comprises 14 vowels, 42 consonants, and its unique numerical system.
- It is written from left to right.
- In Sanskrit, each character represents a consonant with an inherent vowel sound.
- Each character is typically joined to the next, creating a continuous flow of text, forming words.
- Sanskrit has its own numeral system for writing numbers.
- A vertical right stroke is used at the end of a sentence to indicate a period or full stop.
- Sanskrit is one of the oldest languages, with roots dating back over 3,500 years.
- Sanskrit is considered to be one of the most structured languages in the world, because of its systematic and precise grammar.
- Sanskrit greatly influenced the development of modern Indian languages and even had an impact on some European languages like English.
- Sanskrit is the language of key Hindu texts, including the Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, and epics like Ramayana and Mahabharata.
- Despite its ancient roots, Sanskrit is still studied and taught at universities and institutions worldwide. For example, 14 universities in Germany alone offer Sanskrit as a subject, and Germany is finding it hard to meet the demand of people wanting to learn Sanskrit.
- Before the invasion of Arab, Sanskrit served as the national language of the Indian subcontinent.
- According to Forbes Magazine, Sanskrit is the most computer-friendly language.
|Number of Speakers:
||Devanagari Script (देवनागरी) in Present Day. Originally, it was written in Brahmic Script.
||Official language of the Government of India.
|Two digit language code: