In English language there are vowels and consonants. Likewise, in Malayalam also there are vowels and consonants. The difference is that in Malayalam all the vowels appear in the beginning and the consonants form another group. The standard Malayalam alphabet has 15 vowels and 42 consonants, and a few other symbols.

Let's start with vowels.

Malayalam Vowels

In Malayalam vowels and diphthongs are marked in two ways. The first one is an independent vowel, which is used at the beginning of a syllable. The second one is dependent vowel, which is used when the vowel follows a consonant.

Independent Vowels:

[a]
[aa]
[i]
[ii]
[u]
[uu]
[r]
[rr]
[l]
[ll]
[e]
[ee]
[o]
[oo]
[ai]
[au]

Dependent Vowels:

[aa]
ി
[i]
[ii]
[u]
[uu]
[r]
[rr]
[e]
[ee]
[ai]
[o]
[oo]
[au]

Malayalam Consonants

In Malayalam, they are called `vyanjan (व्यंजन)`. They are normally considered to have a basic form which consists of a consonant pronounced with an inherent ‘a’ sound. The table below shows 38 consonant letters and their pronunciation.

[ka]
[kha]
[ga]
[gha]
[nga]
[ca]
[cha]
[ja]
[jha]
[nya]
[ta]
[ttha]
[dda]
[ddha]
[nna]
[ta]
[tha]
[da]
[dha]
[na]
[nnna]
[pa]
[pha]
[ba]
[bha]
[ma]
[ya]
[ra]
[rra]
[la]
[lla]
[llla]
[va]
[sha]
[ssa]
[sa]
[ha]
[ttta]

Malayalam Numerals

Malayalam numerals are the symbols used to write numbers in the Malayalam script. They are used to write decimal numbers, instead of the latin numbers.

[zero]
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
[6]
[7]
[8]
[9]
.

Malayalam at a glance

Malayalam (മലയാളം, mæləˈjɑːləm), is a Dravidian language spoken mainly in the indian state of Kerala, Lakshadweep, Puducherry, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. It is spoken by over 33 million native speakers and another 1 million as second language. Malayalam is the official language in Kerala, Lakshadweep and Puducherry. Below is the quick summary:

Pronunciation: [`mæləˈjɑːləm]
Native Name: Malayalam (മലയാളം)
Number of Speakers: 34 million
Language family: Dravidian
Ethnicity: Malayali
Writing System: Malayalam script (Brahmic)
Spoken in: States of India: Kerala, Lakshadweep, Puducherry (Mahé)
Status: Official language in the indian state of Kerala, Lakshadweep, Puducherry.
Two digit language code (ISO 639-1): ml

A Complete Malayalam Alphabet Chart

Below is a list of complete Malayalam Aksharamala Chart

Independent Vowels:

[a]
[aa]
[i]
[ii]
[u]
[uu]
[r]
[rr]
[l]
[ll]
[e]
[ee]
[o]
[oo]
[ai]
[au]

Dependent Vowels:

[aa]
ി
[i]
[ii]
[u]
[uu]
[r]
[rr]
[e]
[ee]
[ai]
[o]
[oo]
[au]

Consonants:

[ka]
[kha]
[ga]
[gha]
[nga]
[ca]
[cha]
[ja]
[jha]
[nya]
[ta]
[ttha]
[dda]
[ddha]
[nna]
[ta]
[tha]
[da]
[dha]
[na]
[nnna]
[pa]
[pha]
[ba]
[bha]
[ma]
[ya]
[ra]
[rra]
[la]
[lla]
[llla]
[va]
[sha]
[ssa]
[sa]
[ha]
[ttta]

Consonants With Group:

[ka]
[kha]

Malayalam Numbers:

[zero]
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
[6]
[7]
[8]
[9]
.

Special Characters in Malayalam:

.

Type in English, Get In Malayalam. E.g. Typing halea becomes ഹലോ.
Type in English, Get In Tamil. E.g. Typing Vanakkam becomes வணக்கம்.
Hindi alphabet chart with Hindi Vowels, Hindi Consonants & Hindi Numerals
Bengali alphabet chart with Bangla Vowels, Consonants & Numerals
Download High quality Tamil Keyboard layout in 5 different color mode.
Download High quality Malayalam Keyboard layout in 5 different color mode.
Hindi Currency Exchange
Currency Unit Nepali Rs.
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