In English language there are vowels and consonants. Likewise, in Hindi also there are vowels and consonants. The difference is that in Hindi all the vowels appear in the beginning and the consonants form another group. As agreed by the Government of India, the standard Hindi alphabet has 11 vowels and 35 consonants. However, traditionally, the Hindi alphabet has 13 vowels and 33 consonants.
Let's start with vowels.
In Hindi they are also know as `Swar (स्वरों)`. There are two types of vowels. The first one is an independent vowel, which is used at the beginning of a syllable. The second one is dependent vowel, which is used when the vowel follows a consonant.
In Hindi, they are called `vyanjan (व्यंजन)`. They are normally considered to have a basic form which consists of a consonant pronounced with an inherent ‘a’ sound. The table below shows 36 consonant letters and their pronunciation.
Hindi numerals are the symbols used to write numbers in the Hindi script. These are used to write decimal numbers, instead of the latin numbers.
Hindi (हिन्दी, Hindī), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken mainly in India. Hindi is one of two official languages in India, along with the English language. It is written in the Devanagari script, and is spoken by over 498 million people around the world. Below is the quick summary:
|Native Name:||Hindi (हिन्दी)|
|Number of Speakers:||490 million|
|First Written:||4th century AD|
|Writing System:||Devanagari Script (देवनागरी)|
|Spoken in:||Mauritius, Fiji, Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad & Tabago, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka|
|Status:||Official language of the Government of India; Official Language of Bihar, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand states.|
|Two digit language code:||hi|
Below is a list of complete Hindi Varnamala Chart
|U. S Dollar||1 Dollar ($)||131.6426 Rs|
|UK Pound||1 Pound (£)||162.0877 Rs|
|Euro||1 Euro||142.2684 Rs|
|Malaysian Ringgit||1 M. Ringgit||29.924 Rs|
|Saudi Riyal||1 S. Riyal||35.0621 Rs|
|Bahrain Dinar||1 Dinar||348.4711 Rs|
|Qatari Riyal||1 Q. Riyal||36.1651 Rs|