Filipino is the official national language and one of the two official languages of the Philippines. It is also known as the modern Filipino alphabet. It is made up of 28 letters which are also called títik or létra, and each represents a spoken sound.
Out of 28 letters, 20 letters came from the native Abakada (Tagalog Alphabet), whereas another 8 letters borrowed from Spanish Alphabet. These are also classified either as patínig or bokáblo (vowels) and katínig or konsonánte (consonants).
Let's start with vowels.
- Filipino use a focus system. A marker (ang) is used to denote the subject of a sentence
- Filipino is the second language spoken for most Filipinos
- In Filipino: Each consonant is pronounced with an /a/ sound at the end. For e.g. bah, gah
- Vowels are fully pronounced like the vowels in Spanish
- Speakers of Filipino have the most difficulty with the consonants F, V, and Thand the schwa vowel sound.
- There are multiple phonemes in English that are not found in Filipino
- Unlike in English, word order does not affect the meaning
- Pronouns are not used to indicate gender in Filipino language.
|Number of Speakers:
||Latin (Filipino alphabet)
||Official Language in Philippines (in the form of Filipino)
|language code (ISO 639-1):